Ever since the first
Falcon 900 took to the skies in 1984, the series has served as the
flagship of the Falcon family fleet. Now, all eyes are on the
highlyanticipated sibling of the 900EX, as the first Falcon 900EX
EASy approaches certification and first deliveries. In addition to
the obvious appeal of flying 4,500 nautical miles nonstop, the
Falcon 900EX EASy is versatile enough to combine short hops and
long legs on the same mission.
Falcon 900EX EASy Program History
The Falcon 900EX EASy is one of those rare aircraft that offers
every vital advantage for which it was conceived. It was developed
from the Falcon 900EX, based on the same widebody airframe, but
with upgraded avionics. The 900EX EASy solution is astute and
practical: it delivers its range without changing the plane's
external dimensions or sacrificing any of its passenger cabin
volume to crew rest areas.
It improves on the 900EX in several areas:
- Braking System: The Falcon 900EX EASy has a new brake-by-wire
system with hydraulic actuators, based on an architecture similar
to the systems used in the Falcon 2000 and 2000EX. For enhanced
maintainability, the braking computers perform self diagnostics and
transmit this information to the central maintenance computer.
- Fuel System: The Falcon 900EX EASy makes use of the fuel
metering system developed for the Falcon 2000EX, which is more
efficient in large part due to a new Fuel Quantity Management
- Cabin Pressurization and Emergency Oxygen Distribution: The
pressurization system on the Falcon 900EX EASy is fitted with a
dedicated and extremely powerful new Cabin Pressure Controller
(CPC), for unparalleled cabin comfort. And a new electro-pneumatic
unit handles the emergency distribution of oxygen to passengers and
eliminates the need for high-pressure oxygen in the cockpit - an
extra guarantee of safety.
- Dassault's EASY Flight Deck: A revolution in man-machine
interface between the crew and the aircraft to improve situational
awareness, reduce cockpit workload, and improve safety.
The first 900EX EASy (s/n 97) took its maiden flight in February
2002. Also on board - the Flight Dynamics HGS 4860 Head-up Guidance
System, offering Low Visibility Takeoff guidance (LVTO). The new
HGS 4860 allows Cat III takeoffs in conditions as low as 300 feet
Runway Visual Range (RVR).
Over 120 Falcon 900EX trijets have been delivered to corporate
operators on every continent since the aircraft was certified in
1996. Combined deliveries of all of the 900 models total more than
EXtended Range, Performance and More
The Falcon 900EX EASy can fly nonstop from Paris to Chicago at
long-range cruise, or from Tokyo to San Francisco at .80 Mach (8
pax, NBAA IFR, Boeing 85% winds). It can also cross the Atlantic in
either direction at .84 Mach high-speed cruise in three-engine
"Green" Falcon 900EXs routinely covered the 4,237 nm
great-circle distance nonstop from Bordeaux to the Little Rock
Completion Center in 10-12 hours, depending on headwinds. The world
record time for this trip was set by the late Captain Gene E. "Ed"
Allen, who was previously Dassault Falcon Jet's Director of Flight,
and Matthew A. Boyle, Senior VP and General Counsel in August 2000.
They flew the 900EX from Bordeaux to Little Rock in 9 hours 19
minutes, establishing a new city-pair speed record for business
jets in the CIJ weight class (44,092-55,115 lb).
Dispatch and Maintenance
The Falcon 900EX EASy draws upon the experience of the Falcon
900 fleet, which represents over 330 units worldwide. In addition,
its new avionics provide advantages in reliability and
maintainability. With the EASy system, pilots get clear, easily
accessible information to help them make dispatch decisions, while
maintenance data is centralized to facilitate servicing for ground
"Because of the system's architecture, we were able to install a
dedicated maintenance computer, which analyzes and centralizes data
from all onboard computers (avionics, engines, systems), turning it
into information that can be easily used by the technicians," said
Thierry Ruelle, EASy Program Support Manager for Dassault Aviation.
"In the long run, these improvements will further reduce downtime
for maintenance and reduce the direct operating costs."
The first appearance of what is being called "integrated
maintenance" was in 1995, on a Falcon 2000, and was gradually
applied to the Falcon 900EX, 50EX and 2000EX. Today, the EASy
system takes the integrated maintenance concept one step further by
improving the pertinence and readability of information. It also
supports development of a new, centralized maintenance concept,
since all information is grouped on the instrument panel.
The Falcon 9000
Dassault's Falcon 9000 is the perfect blend of performance,
range, cabin comfort and modern avionics. Combining some of the
finest features of the Falcon 900B (which it has replaced), with
the advanced avionics of the longer-range Falcon 900EX, has
produced an intercontinental jet with a range of 4000 nautical
miles, a generous wide-body cabin, and a new-generation flight
The Falcon 900C was certified by the FAA in August 1999, just two
months after it obtained certification from the French DGAC. By
early 2000, the first two units were already delivered to corporate
"The Primus 2000 system allows excellent integration of the
various functions, plus a lot of maintenance advantages," says
Olivier Villa, Senior Vice President of Civil Aircraft for Dassault
Aviation. "We are convinced that this development will ensure the
continued success of a key member in today's Falcon family."
"If a customer doesn't happen to need the Falcon 900EX EASy's
full, nonstop range of 4,500 nautical miles, the less expensive
9000 with almost all the same features and 4,000 nautical miles of
range is a logical choice," says John Rosanvallon, President and
CEO of Dassault Falcon Jet Corp.
The Falcon 900 series cross-section offers more headroom than
either the Gulfstream IV-SP or Challenger 604 cabins. In addition,
its maximum width falls in the elbow-to-shoulder range for seated
passengers. Aside from allowing a greater freedom of movement, this
is key to placing the cabin windows and side ledges at their
Surprisingly, although the Falcon 9000 is externally smaller
than the Gulfstream IV-SP, its cabin actually offers more usable
space. (By "usable space," Dassault refers to the length, width and
height of the passenger seating zone, excluding galleys,
lavatories, closets, etc. Maximizing usable space is the key to
optimizing comfort and productivity, especially on long,
intercontinental flights). Falcon 9000s can be configured to seat
up to 19 passengers, but are more typically outfitted to
accommodate 12 to 15 passengers in more spacious comfort.
With a nonstop cruising range of 4,000 rim (5600 kilometers),
the Falcon 9000 is capable of reaching any point in the world
quickly, safely, and efficiently. For a typical 4,000-nn mission, a
Falcon 9000 taking off at 45,500 lb (i.e., five passengers, three
crew and full fuel) would require a balanced field length of only
Low operating costs represent yet another plus. The new Falcon
9000's fuel-saving design and its broad warranty protection enable
it to operate for less cost than its main competitor which has only
In the Record Books
Falcon 900-series aircraft have earned numerous world and
national records for distance, speed, time-to-climb, and sustained
altitude. Most noteworthy are six world speed and distance records
for Class C-1.1 Medium Airplanes (35,274 to 44,092 lb): New York to
London (5:41), London to New York (6:46), New York to Madrid
(6:19), Bordeaux to Little Rock (11:07), New Orleans to Paris
(9:05), and Paris to Houston (10:40). This remarkable flight, flown
on July 16, 1991, spanned a great-circle distance of 5012 statute
miles at more than 469 mph.