Would Open Nearly 278,000 Acres Off The Rhode Island, Massachusetts, And Virginia Coasts For Wind Energy
Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar, Deputy Secretary David J. Hayes and Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) Director Tommy P. Beaudreau announced competitive lease sales for renewable energy development in two wind energy areas (WEAs) in federal waters last week. Wind farms have often been questioned by the aviation community because of possible interference with radar used by air traffic control, as well as being a potential navigation hazard.
“Wind energy along the Atlantic holds enormous potential, and today we are moving closer to tapping into this massive domestic energy resource to create jobs, increase our energy security and strengthen our nation’s competitiveness in this new energy frontier,” said Salazar. The lease sales, which will be held next year, will be the first-ever competitive sales on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) for wind energy, and are major milestones in the Administration’s “Smart from the Start” wind energy program to facilitate the siting, leasing and construction of new projects. These lease sales cover two WEAs along the Atlantic coast that have high wind resource potential.
The Interior Department says the announcement advances steps taken by the Obama Administration to develop the full range of energy resources available on the Outer Continental Shelf. Western Gulf of Mexico Lease Sale 229 was held on November 28, 2012, in New Orleans, and built on two major Gulf of Mexico lease sales in the past year – a 21 million acre sale held last December and a 39 million acre sale held in June. “Holding competitive lease sales on the wind-rich east coast is ushering in a new chapter in America’s development of renewable energy,” said Deputy Secretary Hayes. “By working closely with Rhode Island and the other states to identify the best areas for offshore wind farms, winning bidders will have a clear pathway to successfully harness our world-class offshore wind resource.”
BOEM announced the Proposed Sale Notices today to offer 277,550 acres in two “Wind Energy Areas” – one area offshore Virginia and the other area of mutual interest offshore Massachusetts and Rhode Island. The areas proposed for leasing are expected to be able to support more than 4,000 megawatts (MW) of wind generation – enough electricity to power an estimated 1.4 million homes. “(The) announcement follows many months of hard work, stakeholder engagement and extensive collaboration with our federal, tribal, state and local government partners,” said Beaudreau. “We are realizing the promise of our ‘Smart from the Start’ strategy, which has involved identifying the areas along the Atlantic Coast best suited for commercial wind energy development, while working with key stakeholders to address potential conflicts with other uses, including commercial fishing and vessel traffic, early in the process.”
The area of mutual interest proposed for leasing offshore Rhode Island and Massachusetts covers approximately 164,750 acres and is located about 9.2 nautical miles south of the Rhode Island coastline. The area will be auctioned as two leases, referred to as the North Zone and South Zone. The North Zone lease will consist of about 97,500 acres and has the capacity to support more than 1,000 MW of wind generation. The South Zone lease will consist of about 67,250 acres and is capable of supporting a project of between 350 – 1,000 MW. Together, these zones could support enough electricity to power 700,000 homes.
The proposed lease area offshore Virginia will be auctioned as a single lease and totals about 112,800 acres about 23.5 nautical miles off the southern Virginia coast. It is expected to support more than 2,000 MW of wind generation – also enough electricity to power 700,000 homes.
BOEM identified the WEAs in conjunction with renewable energy task forces, which include federal, state, local and tribal government partners. BOEM has conducted environmental assessments to analyze the potential effects associated with issuing leases in these WEAs. In addition, BOEM will conduct comprehensive site-specific National Environmental Policy Act review, including opportunities for public comment, for the construction of any proposed wind power facility.
The 60-day comment period for the Notices ends on February 1, 2013.
(Maps provided by BOEM)