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Sat, Nov 18, 2017

NASA Developing Drone For Mars In The Arctic

Devon Island Mimics Martian Environment

The Mars Institute, the SETI Institute, and FYBR Solutions Inc. (FYBR) are announcing a new partnership with the NASA Haughton-Mars Project (HMP) for the research and development of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) or drone technologies and applications for future Mars exploration.

The NASA HMP is a leading international Mars analog field research project centered on the Haughton meteorite impact crater site and surrounding terrain on Devon Island, High Arctic. As one of the most Mars-like places on Earth, the site is often referred to as Mars On Earth. Over its twenty years of history, the NASA HMP has made many contributions to the advancement of Mars science and exploration through field studies at the site, including studies of the use of UAVs.
 
“We’ve been investigating the use of robotic aircraft for Mars exploration on the HMP since 1998” says Dr. Pascal Lee, planetary scientist with the Mars Institute and the SETI Institute, and director of the NASA HMP at NASA Ames Research Center. “This new partnership with FYBR will expand our investigation of the wide range of technologies and applications for UAVs on Mars.”
 
FYBR Solutions Inc., formerly Spire Aerobotics Inc., is an industry leading end-to-end provider of high-resolution geospatial data and advanced data analytics. The Vancouver-based company specializes in forestry applications, but also has unique experience in the operation of drones in extreme environments on Earth, specifically in polar regions, including on Devon Island.
 
“We’re proud to join the HMP’s team of industry partners, and excited to help make continued advances in drone technologies and remote sensing, not just on our planet, but on Mars and beyond,” says Patrick Crawford, Co-Founder and CEO of FYBR.
 
Although Mars has a thin atmosphere, with an average surface pressure of 10 millibars, equivalent to that found in the Earth’s stratosphere at an altitude of approximately 100,000 feet, flight is possible, including with rotorcraft. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory is currently considering a robotic helicopter scout system for NASA’s upcoming Mars 2020 mission, and NASA’s Langley Research Center is developing a Mars Electric Reusable Flyer.

“Rotorcraft are a great way to explore Mars,” says Lee, who co-authored early NASA research studies on Mars rotorcraft and is a FAA-certified helicopter flight instructor and drone pilot. “On the HMP, we’re putting drones through practical field tests of the many applications we envision for them on Mars.”
 
UAVs on Mars may be used as robotic explorers, just like robotic rovers are today, but over much greater ranges and with fewer terrain obstacles to tackle. In relation to human and other robotic exploration, drones may serve as scouts, context imagers, aerial mappers, remote-sensors, search & rescue and go-fetch assistants, cave and lava tube explorers, crater and canyon wall surveyors, habitat and vehicle inspectors, aseptic samplers, sample cachers and retrievers, and more.
 
The new partnership with FYBR on the HMP will focus on the development of operational strategies and flight system requirements for route planning, mapping, and the exploration of hard-to-access locations on Mars, building on already three initial field seasons of productive joint work on Devon Island.
 
“There is little doubt that UAVs will play a critical role in future Mars exploration, enabling significantly extended reach and terrain coverage than is achievable by rovers alone.” said Bill Diamond, CEO of the SETI Institute. “We are excited by this partnership and its potential to deliver critical new technologies and enable significantly more impactful research for Mars exploration.”
 
In connection with this partnership, the HMP is releasing a one-minute video titled Mars On Earth, produced by the Mars Institute in cooperation with the SETI Institute, FYBR, and NASA. Filmed entirely on location at and around the HMP Research Station on Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada, the video offers a glimpse of how Mars-like the HMP site is and the unique perspective offered by UAVs of the terrain and exploration activities at the site.
 
Additionally, the HMP is releasing interactive maps and models produced by FYBR to support science, exploration, and logistics activities at and around the HMP Research Station site. The geospatial products encompass five square kilometers at an average resolution of 5 centimeters per pixel. Features identified include the HMP Research Station’s airstrip, helipad, base structures, greenhouse, fleet of vehicles, and “the Fortress” – a local geological landmark.

(Source: The Mars Institute news release. Image provided)

FMI: www.marsinstitute.no

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